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Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and


Trade (FLEGT)


I. On-going projects 

1. Forest Governance, Markets and Climate (VM063)

1.1. General information

Fern and the project partners have been deeply involved in FLEGT VPAs multilateral discussion processes for over 15 years, thereby bringing a voice of the community to effectively contribute to progress. As a result, illegal logging has been significantly reduced; and forest governance and law enforcement and reform have also been markedly improved. This project will consolidate past experiences and lessons to ensure that achievements over the past decades will be inherited in the future, including after the ending of Forest Governance, Market and Climate Program of DFID in 2021.

Project partners in the VPA countries will lead project activities in Ghana, Liberia, Vietnam, Cameroon and the Republic of Congo. Fern and Earthsight would focus on the international policy realm, using it as leverage to create opportunities for social organizations in VPA countries. Currently, the trade, climate and supply chain policy of the EU and member states must encourage governance reform processes with the aim of preventing the introduction of unsustainable and illegal forest products which are consumed in the European market.

1.2. Activities

- Suggest the monitoring and evaluation framework on VPA-FLEGT of VNFOREST; 

- Comment on draft VNTLAS;

- Research on VPA-FLEGT and transparency in the forestry sector; 

- Research on existing forestry land and benefit-sharing mechanisms to provide suggestions for the policy;

- Research on opportunities and challenges for women in the context of VPA implementation in Vietnam;

- Research on forest rehabilitation and NDC in Vietnam;

- Evaluate the need to increase capacity of members of the VNGO-FLEGT network and establish a VNGO-EVFTA network;

- Develop the VNGO-EVFTA network;

- Provide training sections to improve the capacity of VNGO-EVFTA members 

- Organize Mekong River Forum; 

- Organize forest governance forums.


2. Promoting forest governance and legal timber trade through the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement – VM066

            2.1. General information

General Objective: Facilitate and enhance the contribution of Vietnamese Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) to equitable and sustainable development in Vietnam.

Specific Objectives: Promote the role of the VNGOs on Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (VNGO-FLEGT) and ensure that membership (currently 60 members) has the capacity and knowledge to oversee the implementation of the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) in forest governance and timber trade.

Key target groups and beneficiaries:

  • The main target group of this project is the VNGO-FLEGT network which was established in 2012 and currently has 61 Vietnamese member organizations. The network builds its members’ capacity on methods of forest governance monitoring, facilitates legal timber trade; participates in policy-making to enforce VPA commitments through legal reform and the development of the environmental and social monitoring framework of the VPA. VNGO-FLEGT members shall understand the EVFTA and especially the TSD Chapter as well as the link between the VPA and the FTA. Members also shall be supported to effectively participate in the CSMMS of the FTA and the implementation of the FTA and VPA simultaneously to ensure the co-implementation of the two agreements.

Limitations of members: Lack of capacity and information on EVFTA as well as the role of social organizations in CSMMs; lack of methods to organize FTA monitoring; lack of linkages with social organizations working on issues related to the content of the FTA (labor and fisheries), including NGOs with offices in the EU; lack of linkages with the timber industry. This project shall build the capacity of VNGO-FLEGT members to better understand EVFTA, raise awareness of the role and functions of domestic advisory groups (DAG) in the implementation of the FTA, and support community activities.


  • The second target group consists of CSMMs of EVFTA, namely DAGs (one in Vietnam and another in the EU), and a Joint Forum, however, these groups have not been established yet. These mechanisms are responsible for expressing opinions, providing recommendations for the implementation of the TSD Chapter as well as other relevant chapters in the FTA. Academic studies have highlighted a number of shortcomings in the operations of existing DAGs and General Forums such as the fact that they are under-resourced […]. This project shall ensure that social organizations involved in forest governance monitoring and illegal timber trade […], promote the reception of problems and suggestions on how to resolve them from both European and Vietnamese DAGs and organizations, and coordinate regular meetings between DAGs.
  • The third target group: Timber Associations that represent the interests of the timber industry in Vietnam’s major transit and processing zones. They shall support members to comply with VPA’s commitments such as an appraisal of wood import, environmental and social protection policies. VPA shall be internally legalized but still limited due to the lack of resources and capacity. Social organizations shall mobilize Timber Associations to promote legal timber trade by monitoring their members to comply with VPA commitments and eliminate illegal activities.
  • The fourth target group: EU and Vietnamese members in government agencies participating in EVFTA such as the Trade Commission and the Trade and Sustainable Development Commission (TSD). The Trade Commission shall be co-chaired by the Vietnamese Minister of Industry and Trade and the members of the European Commission (EC), is responsible for trade; or their representatives oversee and promote the implementation and application of this agreement. Based on the experiences, the following requirements could be highlighted – the officials of Vietnam and EU shall demonstrate political commitment and have strong ownership in the implementation of the TSD Chapter. These committees shall have regular interactions with the social organizations established under FTA and vigorously enforce the provisions of the TSD Chapter. Their limitations are mainly related to difficulties in determining whether the TSD Chapter provisions are violated or lack the capacity/resources to carry out an effective monitoring. The project shall promote regular meetings with officers and leaders to share relevant analysis and ensure follow-up on recommendations made by social organizations.
  • The final beneficiaries are Vietnamese social organizations that are committed to contributing to equitable and sustainable development in Vietnam. These organizations need a favorable environment to participate in the development process. By using commerce as leverage, sharing lessons from VPA/FLEGT-VPA and networking, the project could expand space and build capacity. Households that depend on vulnerable forests and microenterprises in Vietnam shall benefit from improved forest governance and the enforcement of social and environmental legislation.


2.2. Activities 

- Access the need to improve the capacity of the VNGO-FLEGT network; 

- Workshop – The third Forest Governance Forum;

- Kick-off the establishment of VNGO-EVFTA Network; 

- VNGO-EVFTA Network Executive Meeting; 

- Provide training sections for members of VNGO-EVFTA; 

- Develop a communication strategy for the VNGO-EVFTA network;

- Research and update the progress of implementing FTA in Vietnam;

- Select the third partners to do research. 

1. Land Use Right Certificates for Forest Smallholders: Key finding from IM-VPA Baseline Survey in 04 Provinces



2. Comments to The Draft of Decree On Vietnam Timber Legality Assurance System (VNTLAS)



3. Research and Sharing Forest Governance in Viet Nam



4. Gender issues in Forestry: Key findings from a VPA Impact Monitoring Baseline Survey in 4 Provinces



5. Transparency in Forestry Production: Key Findings From Baseline Survey for Impact Monitoring of VPA FLEGT


6. Report on Vietnam's NDC

VIE: http://www.srd.org.vn/index.php/thu-vi-n-nh-menu/1188-bao-cao-ndc-vi-t-nam-tang-cu-ng-qu-n-tr-r-ng-d-ph-c-h-i-r-ng-thanh-cong

ENG: http://www.srd.org.vn/index.php/events/1187-report-on-vietnam-s-ndc-strengthening-forest-governance-to-ensure-successful-forest-restoration



8. Guide on collecting information for monitoring and measuring the impact of VPA-FLEGT for Small and Medium Enterprises in the Timber Industry


9. Assessment of the current status of Forest Planting Households, and Small, Micro Timber Processing Enterprises before implementing VPA/FLEGT


10. Challenges and Opportunities of the EU-Vietnam Voluntary Partnership Agreement for Women and Civil Society

VIE: http://www.srd.org.vn/index.php/thu-vi-n-nh-menu/1160-nghien-cuu-thach-thuc-va-co-hoi-vpa-phu-nu-cso

ENG: http://www.srd.org.vn/index.php/events/1159-the-study-on-challenges-and-opportunities-of-the-eu-vietnam-voluntary-partnership-agreement-for-women-and-civil-society


11. Developing and Piloting an indicator framework for Monitoring the impact of VPA/FLEGT on Small and Medium-sized Timber Enterprises in Viet Nam key findings and recommendations

VIE: http://www.srd.org.vn/index.php/ho-t-d-ng-m-ng-lu-i-menu/1232-bao-cao-va-nghien-c-u



11. Policy Recommendations – Quarter 3, 2020


12. Summary Report: Forest Management and the Benefit-Sharing Mechanisms in The context of VPA-FLEGT & REDD+

VIE: http://www.srd.org.vn/index.php/ho-t-d-ng-m-ng-lu-i-menu/1232-bao-cao-va-nghien-c-u

ENG: http://www.srd.org.vn/images/research-reports/BO%20CO%20TM%20TT%20-%20Land%20right%20ENG.pdf


13. Summary Report: The Voluntary Partnership Agreement VPA-FLEGT and Transparency in the Forestry Sector

VIE: http://www.srd.org.vn/index.php/ho-t-d-ng-m-ng-lu-i-menu/1232-bao-cao-va-nghien-c-u

ENG: http://www.srd.org.vn/images/research-reports/BO%20CO%20TM%20TT%20-%20Land%20right%20ENG.pdf


14. Comments on the Degree No.102/2020/NĐ-CP Viet Nam Timber Legality Assurance System (VNTLAS)

VIE: http://www.srd.org.vn/index.php/v-n-d-ng-chinh-sach-menu/1253-cong-van-v-v-g-i-y-ki-n-nh-n-xet-c-a-m-ng-lu-i-vngo-flegt-v-ngh-d-nh-s-102-2020-nd-cp





15. Report: Forest management and benefit sharing mechanisms in the context of VPA-FLEGT & REDD+


16. Report: VPA-VPA-FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreement and Transparency in Forestry


17. Business production plan of the enterprise in the context of VPA-FLEGT – Impact factors


18. Hiện trạng về hộ trồng rừng và doanh nghiệp siêu nhỏ và nhỏ sản xuất gỗ trước khi thực thiVPA-FLEGT


II. Impacts

Here are statistics showing the impacts on FLEGT of our projects:

- 40 staff from different CSOs are trained in REDD+;

- 30 representatives of forest planting, harvesting of processing households assessed the impact of VPA on wood production;

- 12 representatives of CSOs who were trained in Terra technology, participated in a trial project that monitors forest changes in real-time;

- 10 technical workshops received suggestions and information from the SRD on the Law on Forest Protection and Development;

- 65 organizations are active in the VNGO-FLEGT;

- 60 organizations participated in activities of VNGO-EVFTA;

- Members of VNGO-FLEGT participated in sharing information about forest governance at the third Forest Governance Forum;

- VNGO-EVFTA’s members participated in Capacity-building Training Section on TSD and DAGs;

- 25 delegates from the Vietnam Rubber Association, the Handicraft and Wood Industry Association of Ho Chi Minh City, the Binh Duong Furniture Association and other wood processing enterprises participated in the training on the Indicator Framework for Monitoring the impact of VPA/FLEGT on small and medium timber enterprises in Vietnam.

Suggest making a Decree on Vietnam Timber Legality Assurance System (VNTLAS) for the Vietnam Administration of Forestry.

Suggest making the VPA/FLEGT Impact Assessment Monitoring Framework. Suggestions from the SRD and active members of the VNGO-FLEGT were recorded in the Monitoring and Evaluation Framework.


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